Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Delta State University, Asaba Campus, PMB 95074, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria


he purpose of this study was to examine farm operations cooperation groups in Central Agricultural Zone of Delta State, Nigeria. All the members of the six  selected groups were used for the study. The data which were collected with the use of questionnaire and interview schedule were analyzed with the use of frequency counts, percentages and Tobit regression model. Most of the members were females and were also mostly married. Most of them were educated formally and had average household size of 5 persons and average farm size of 2.5 ha. They had an average farming experience of 13 years and most of them had no contact with extension agents. Household members emigrated from most (76.50%) households. They subscribed to these groups because of reduction of labour cost, timely execution and conclusion of farm operations, exchange of ideas and information, expansion of farm size and reduction of drudgery involved in farming. They were mostly satisfied with their various groups. They however had challenges ranging from irregular meeting attendance, inadequate access to extension service, too high membership strength to lateness to work. Inadequate membership strength was also a constraint to few of the groups. The farmers’ decision to subscribe to their various groups was informed or influenced by their marital status, level of education, household size, farm size, farming experience, extension visit contact with other farmers, and emigration of household members. It was recommended that extension agents should establish frequent contacts with the various groups and educate them on the importance of time and regular meeting attendance. The groups with bloated membership strength should be split into two groups while farmers need to be encouraged to subscribe to those groups with inadequate membership strength


1) Agbamu, J. U. (2011). Problems and prospects of agricultural extension in developing countries. In: Madukwe, M. C. (Ed). Agricultural extension in Nigeria. Ilorin, Nigeria: Agricultural Extension Society of Nigeria. pp 216-229.
2) Ahmad, A and Ismail, N. (1998). Gender roles Malaysian agriculture: Implications for extension planning. Journal of International Agriculture and Extension Education. 2(1):17-25.
3) Chang, H and Boisvert, R. (2005). Are farmers’ decisions to work off the farm and participate in the Conservation Reserve Program independent, joint or sequential? Paper presented at the 2005 annual meeting of the American Agricultural Economics Association, Providence.
4) Delta State Ministry of Commerce and Industries. (2010). Cooperative group registration manual. Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria: Delta State MinIstry of Commerce and Industry.
5) Ekong, E. E. (203). Introduction to rural sociology. Uyo, Nigeria: Dove Educational Publishers.
6) FAO. (2006). Improving extension work with rural women. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization.
7) Iwala, O. S., Okwulola, J. O. and Imoudu, P. B. (2006). Productivity and technical efficiency of oil palm production in Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 2 (3 and 4): 181 – 185. 
8) Ofuoku, A. U. (2013). Willingness of farmers to participate in farmers’ groups. Journal of Extension Systems, 29(1): 51-61.
9) Ofuoku, A. U., Uzokwe, U. N. and Ideh, V. (2006). Comparative analysis of cooperative and non-cooperative fish farmers in Central Agro-ecological Zone of Delta State, Nigeria. Extension Farming Systems Journal, 2(2): 97- 101.
10) Ofuoku, A. U. (2009). Rural farmers’ perception of climate change in Central Agricultural Zone of Delta State, Nigeria. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science, 12(2): 63-69.
11) Ofuoku, A.U. and Agbamu, J. U. (2013).Leadership and self-help groups in Nigeria- Implications for agricultural extension. Journal of Extension Systems, 29(1): 65-75.
12) Ofuoku, A.U. and Chukwuji, C.O. (2012). Impact of rural – urban migration on plantation agriculture in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Journal of Rural Social Sciences, 27 (1): 137 – 151.
13) Ofuoku, A.U. and Urange, E. (2012). Effect of cohesion on loan repayment in farmers’ cooperative societies in Delta State, Nigeria.
14) Ofuoku, A.U; Enaikele, M., and Nnodim, A.U. (2008). Cohesiveness of fish farmers’ cooperative Societies in Southern Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 3(4), 16 – 21.
15) Ogionwo, W. and Eke, P. (1999). An introduction to socio-psychology. Owrri, Nigeria: Springfield Publishers.
16) Oladele, O. I. (2005). A tobit analysis of the propensity to discontinue adoption of agricultural technologies among farmers in South Western Nigeria. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 6(3): 249-254.
17) Pandel, K. and Devkota, N. (2007). Factors affecting the decision to adopt and continue best management practices among broiler producers. Paper presented at the 2007 annual meeting of the AAEA, Portland, Retrieved from:  
18) Taylor, E. J. de Brauw, A and Rozelle, S. (2003). Migration and Incomes in source communities: A new economics of migration perspective from China. Economic, Development and Cultural Change, 52 (1): 75 – 102.
19) Tobin, J. (1958). Estimation of relationships for limited dependent variables. Econometrica, 26(1): 24-36.
20) Uzokwe, U. N. and Ofuoku, A.U. (2006). Changes in gender division of agricultural tasks in Delta State, Nigeria and implications for agricultural extension services. Extension farming system Journal, 2(1): 91-96.