Document Type: Regular articles
Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Abia State University, Umuahia Campus, PMB 7010, Umuahia, Abia state, Nigeria.
This study was conducted in Abia state, Nigeria with specific objectives to: describe socio economic characteristics of ADP and non-ADP contact farmers; estimate profitability level of the two farmer groups; compare profitability of cassava production among the two farmer groups; determine factors that influence profitability of ADP and non-ADP contact cassava farmers and identify problems constraining the cassava farmers. Multistage sampling technique was used to select respondents. Data collected using structured questionnaire and interview schedule were analysed using descriptive statistics, cost and returns analysis, paired t-test and ordinary least square regression technique. The paired-t-test result showed that ADP contact cassava farmers had a statistically significant higher net return (N93, 638.6) per hectare of cassava production than non-ADP contact farmers (N65, 715.58). Factors that influenced profitability of cassava production among ADP contact farmers were age, variable costs, education and selling price while factors that influenced profitability of cassava production among non-ADP contact farmers were age, farming experience and selling price. Main constraint to cassava production among the ADP and non-ADP cassava farmers was inadequate access to credit. It was recommended that the scope of Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) in the state should be enlarged to accommodate more cassava farmers as evidence showed that ADP impacted positively on profitability of cassava production. To this end, additional skilled manpower should be employed and encouraged to visit more farmers on regular basis to teach them modern agricultural technologies.
- Abah, N. C. (2001). Development Administration: A Multidisciplinary Approach. John Jacobs Classic Publishers. Enugu.
- Adebayo, K. (2009). Dynamics of technology adoption in rural based cassava processing enterprises in South-West Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 2(1):15-24.
- Adebayo, K. and Idowu, I. A. (2000). The aftermath of the withdrawal of the World Bank funding for the Ogun State Agricultural Development Programme (OGADEP). Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 17(2):79 -98.
- Akpa, E. C. (2007). A Comparative Analysis of the Impact and Technical Efficiency of Fadama II and Non Fadama II Arable Crops farmers in Imo State, Nigeria. B.Agric. Project, Abia State University, Nigeria.
- Akpobo, J. G. (2007). Review of Agricultural Extension Approaches Implemented in Nigeria. In a Training Manual for Orientation/Refresher Course on Extension Communication Techniques for Extension Workers in the ADPs/LGAs in the North West Zone. Zaria: NAERLS/ABU.
- Brown, L. M. (1979). Farm Budgets: From Farm Income Analysis to Agricultural Project Analysis. World Bank Occasional papers No.29. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimare.
- Chukwuji, O. C. (2008). Comparative analysis of enterprise combination cost and return in cassava based food crop farming system in Delta State Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Biological Science.4: 27-31.
- Emerole, C. O, Onuoha, H. A and Nwachukwu, A. N. (2009). Performance of Livestock Farmers under Special Programme for Food Security in Ohafia Agricultural Zone of Abia State, Nigeria. Global Approaches to Extension Practice Journal (GAEP). 5(1): 135-142.
- Eze, A. V. and Nwibo, S. U. (2014). Economic and Technical Efficiency of Cassava Production in Ika North East Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 6 (10): 429-436.
- Fakayode, S. B. Babatunde, R. O. and Rasheed, A. (2008).Productivity Analysis of Cassava Based Production Systems in the Guinea Savannah: Case Study of Kwara State, Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 3 (1): 33-39.
- Fakayode, B. S., Rahji, M. A. Y., Anyinde, O. and Nnom, G. O. (2011). An economic assessment of plantain production in Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development – 4 (2): 29-36.
- Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). (2004a). Trends in cassava production. www.fao.org.
- Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). (2004b). Online statistical database. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, www.Fao.org.
- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (2009). FAOSTAT. Statistical data base, Agriculture.
- Garba, P. K. (2000). An analysis of the Implementation and Stability of Nigerian Agricultural Policies 1970-1993.AERC Research Paper 101. Nairobi: African Economic Research Consortium.
- Girei, A. A and Dire, B. (2013). Profitability and technical efficiency among the beneficiary crop farmers of National Fadama II Project in Adamawa State, Nigeria. Net Journal of Agricultural Science, 1(3): 87-92.
- Imo ADP (1990). Imo ADP Annual Report. Publication of the Ministry of Agriculture, Owerri: Pp. 3.
- International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). (2004). Nigeria Cassava Industry. Statistical Handbook 2004, Ibadan, Nigeria.
- Itam, O. K., Ajah, E. A and Agbachom, E. E. (2014). Analysis of determinants of Cassava Production and Profitability in Akpabuyo Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. International Business Research, 7(12): 128-135.
- Kadurumba, C. (2008). Technical and economic efficiency of traditional palm oil processing in Imo State. M.Sc. Thesis. Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Abia State University Uturu, Okigwe, Abia State, Nigeria.
- National Population Commission (NPC). (2006). The Population Census of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Analytical report at the National Population Commission- Abuja.
- National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI). (2003). Annual Report. Umudike, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria.
- Nwaogu, R. N. (2006) Influence of fertilizer and land prices on short run supply of cassava in Ikwuano L.G.A. of Abia State, Nigeria, B. Agric. Thesis, Dept. of Agric. Econs and Extension, Abia State University, Uturu.
- Nwaru, J. C and Ekumankama, O. O. (2002). Economic of resources by women arable crop farmers in Abia State: Research report submitted to the senate research grant committee. 40 P. Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike Abia State, Nigeria.
- Obasi, P. C. (1991). Resource use Efficiency in Food Crop production: A Case of Owerri Agricultural Zone of Imo State. M.Sc. Thesis University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
- Ofuoku, A. U. (2011). Rural farmers’ perception of climate change in central agricultural zone of Delta State, Nigeria. Indonesia Journal of Agricultural Science. 12(2): 63-69.
- Ogbonna, M. C. and Ezedinma C. I. (2005). Economics of Palm Oil Processing in Ihitte/Uboma, Imo State, Nigeria In: Orheruata A.M., Nwokoro S.O., Ajayi, M.T. Adekunle A.T. and Asumuha G.N. (eds) Proceedings of the 39th Annual National Conference of Agricultural Society of Nigeria (ASN) held at the University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria, Oct. 9th-13th, 2005; Pp. 148-151.
- Ogisi, O. D., Begho, T. and Alimeke, B. O. (2013). Productivity and Profitability of Cassava (Manihot Esculenta) In Ika South and Ika North East Local Government Areas of Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 6(1): 52-56
- Ogundari, K. and Ojo, S. O. (2006). An examination of Technical, Economic and Allocative Efficiency of Small Farms: The Case study of Cassava Farmers in Osun State of Nigeria. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 7(3):423-432.
- Okereke, O. (2000). Colonial and Post Colonial Agrarian Policies in Nigeria: Lessons and Polity Option” in Aja A. Aja and Emeribe A (eds) Policy and Contending Issues in Nigerian National Development Strategy. John Jacobs Classic Publishers. Enugu.
- Okorji, E. C. (1999). Dimensions of Rural Poverty and Food self-sufficiency Gap in Nigeria”. In: poverty Alleviation and Food Security in Nigeria. Fabiyi, Y.L. and E.O. Idowu (eds). Nigerian Association of Agricultural Economics (NAAE), 1999; Pp 52-58.
- Olayide, S. O. (1980). Nigeria Small Scale Farmers. Problems and Prospects. Integrated Rural Development. Centre for Agricultural Rural Development (CARD) University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
- Olukosi, J.O. and Erhabor P.O. (2005). Introduction to Farm Management Economics: Principles and Application. Revised Edition. 144 pp. Agitab Publishers Limited, Zaria, Kadunna State, Nigeria.
- Omonijo, D. O., Toluwase, S. O. W., Olumuyiwa, A., Oludayo, O. A. and Uche, O. O. C. (2014). Impacts of Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) on Rural Dwellersin Nigeria: A Study of Isan-Ekiti. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics. Issue 128: 41-55.
- Onwumere, J, Nwajiuba, C.U. and Asumugha, G.N. (2006). Intra sectorial linkages in cassava based agribusiness in Abia State. Proceedings of Nigeria Association of Agricultural Economics, LAUTECH Ogbomosho, 2006. Oyo State, 53 – 61.
- Onyebinama, U. A. U. (2004). Farm business management for smallholder farm firms in Nigeria. Alphabet Nigeria Publisher, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
- Onyenucheya, F. and Ukoha, O. O. (2007) Loan Repayment and Credit Worthiness of Farmers under the Nigerian Agricultural Cooperative and Rural Development Bank (NACRDB). Agricultural Journal, 2(2): 265-270.
- Osondu, C. K., Ezeh C. I., Emerole C. O and Anyiro C.O (2014). Comparative analysis of technical efficiency of small holder Fadama II and Fadama III cassava farmers in Imo State. The Nigeria Journal of Rural Extension and Development, 8(1):26-37.
- Projects Coordinating Unit (PCU). (2006). Crop area yield survey, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja, Nigeria.
- Student (1908), “The Probable Error of a Mean,” Biometrika, 6, 1–25.
- Toluwase, S. O. and Abdu-raheem, K. A. (2013). Costs and returns analysis of cassava production in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science. 3(10): 454-457.
- Yuguda, R. M., Girei, A. A., Dire, B. and Salihu, M. (2014). Profitability level of cassava enterprise in Taraba State, Nigeria: an application of the gross margin analysis. Comprehensive Research Journal of Agricultural Science, 2 (1): 1- 4.
- Zaknayiba, D.B., Agwale, A.O. and Bello, D. (2014). Profitability Analysis of Cassava Production in Wamba Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Production Agriculture and Technology, 10 (2): 218-224.