Small-scale Farmers’ Attitude and Problems regarding One House One Farm Approach for their Livelihoods Improvement

Document Type: Regular articles

Authors

1 Professor of Agricultural Extension Education Department, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh

2 Associate Professor of Graduate Training Institute, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh

3 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extension Education Department, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh

Abstract

Increasing population growth and decreasing land ratio made it difficult for rural people of Bangladesh to maintain their livelihood. Especially the small-scale farmers find it trickier using their scarce resources. One House One Farm approach(OHOF) is designed to utilize the house and farm resources of the small- scale farmers to improve their livelihood. The focus of the study was to determine small-scale farmers’ attitude towards OHOF approach for their livelihood improvement and to identify the problems faced by the farmers in adopting OHOF approach. The study was carried out in two upazilas of Sherpur district of Bangladesh. Data were collected from a sample of 200 farmers. Attitude of farmers’ towards OHOF approach was measured under fifteen statements using five point Likert scale. The findings revealed that 66% of the farmers had favorable to highly favorable attitude, 28% had unfavorable to highly unfavorable attitude and only 6% had neutral attitude towards OHOF approach. In addition, an attempt was made to investigate the problems faced by the farmers in adopting and practicing that approach and was found that 56% farmers faced severe problem in case of adopting OHOF approach. Among the problems noticed by the farmers, Political affiliation of the farmers and their organizations and Complex loan distribution system were the main problems. The concerned authorities like DAE, BRDB (implementing partner of OHOF approach) and other NGOs should take necessary measure to solve the existing problems to enhance the positive attitude of small scale farmers towards OHOF approach.

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