Document Type: Regular articles

Authors

1 Professor of Agricultural Extension Education Department, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh

2 Associate Professor of Graduate Training Institute, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh

3 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extension Education Department, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh

Abstract

Increasing population growth and decreasing land ratio made it difficult for rural people of Bangladesh to maintain their livelihood. Especially the small-scale farmers find it trickier using their scarce resources. One House One Farm approach(OHOF) is designed to utilize the house and farm resources of the small- scale farmers to improve their livelihood. The focus of the study was to determine small-scale farmers’ attitude towards OHOF approach for their livelihood improvement and to identify the problems faced by the farmers in adopting OHOF approach. The study was carried out in two upazilas of Sherpur district of Bangladesh. Data were collected from a sample of 200 farmers. Attitude of farmers’ towards OHOF approach was measured under fifteen statements using five point Likert scale. The findings revealed that 66% of the farmers had favorable to highly favorable attitude, 28% had unfavorable to highly unfavorable attitude and only 6% had neutral attitude towards OHOF approach. In addition, an attempt was made to investigate the problems faced by the farmers in adopting and practicing that approach and was found that 56% farmers faced severe problem in case of adopting OHOF approach. Among the problems noticed by the farmers, Political affiliation of the farmers and their organizations and Complex loan distribution system were the main problems. The concerned authorities like DAE, BRDB (implementing partner of OHOF approach) and other NGOs should take necessary measure to solve the existing problems to enhance the positive attitude of small scale farmers towards OHOF approach.

Keywords

Main Subjects

  1. BBS. (2017). ‘Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics’, Statistics Division. Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic Bangladesh.
  2. BBS. (2012). ‘Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh’. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division. Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic Bangladesh.
  3. BBS. (2011).Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of People's Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.
  4. BER. (2013). Bangladesh Economic Review, Finance Division, Ministry of Finance, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.
  5. BRDB. (2009). Annual report of Bangladesh Rural development Board 2009. Ministry of Local administration, Rural Development and Cooperatives. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
  6. Dev, D.S., Hoque, M.J., and Miah, M.A.M. (2017).   Problems Faced by the Participant Farmers in the Training Process: A Case of Climate Risk Management Training in Agriculture. International Journal of Social Science. 6(2): 143-151.  doi: 10.5958/2321-5771.2017.00016.
  7. Dzomeku, B.M., Armo-Annor, F. and Adjei-Gyan, K. (2009). Smallholder Farmers' Attitude towards Biotechnologically Developed Musa Hybrids in Ghana. Agriculture: Africa's „engine for growth’ - plant science and biotechnology hold the key', Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, UK.
  8. FAO (2015). The economic lives of data from nine countries. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome.
  9. Faruk, M. O. (2011). Commercial potato growers’ contact with information sources through mobile phone. (unpublished Master’s Thesis).Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.

10. Haque, M. Z. (2002). Attitude of Rural Women towards Homestead Agriculture in a Selected Area of Panchagarh (unpublished master‟s thesis). Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.

11. HIES. (2010).Household Income and Expenditure Survey. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistic. Ministry of Planning, Government of People’s  Republic of Bangladesh. Dhaka.Bangladesh.

12. Hussain, M. M. (2001). Farmers‟ attitude towards Fish-rice Programme of CARE in MuktagachaUpazila of in a Selected Area of district (unpublished master‟s thesis). Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.

13. Islam, I., Haque, M. J., Miah, M. A. M. and Sheheli, S. (2013). Competency assessment of the farmers on the application of ‘one house one’ farm approach, Progressive Agriculture, 24: 291-299.

14. Khan, M. A. A. (2013). Farmers’ attitude towards modern jujube cultivation (unpublished master’s thesis). Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.

15. Khan, J. H. and Naz, ,N. (2016).Pattern of Commuting: A Case Study in Aligarh City International Journal of Humanities and Applied Social Science, 1 (3).55-68.

  1. 16.  

17. Khatun,  N.  and Miwa , J. (2016). An Autonomous Learning System of Bengali Characters Using Web-Based Intelligent Handwriting Recognition, Journal of Education and Learning, 5(3):122-138.

18. Meijer, S.S., Catacutan, D., Ajayi, O.C., Sileshi, G.W., & Maarten, N. (2015). The role of know ledge, attitudes and perceptions in the uptake of agricultural and agro forestry innovations among smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 13 (1), 40-54

19. MOA. (2010). Ministry of Agriculture, Government of Bangladesh. New Agricultural Extension Policy (Dhaka: MOA).

20. Okunade, E.O. and Oladosu I.O. (2006). Rating of Extension Teaching Methods for Training Female Farmers in Osun state, Nigeria. Proceedings of 10thAnnual Conference of Agricultural Extension of Nigeria.

21. Ogunsumi and Omobolanle, L (2011). Attitude of farmers towards improved agricultural technologies in south-west Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(50): 10108-10115.

22. Rebecca, A. A. (2012). Attitude of women farmers towards agricultural extension services in Ifelodun local government area, Osun State. American journal of social and management sciences, 3(3): 99-105.

23. Rehman, T., McKemey, K., Yates, C.M., Cooke, R.J., Garforth, C.J., Tranter, R.B., Park, J.R., & Dorward, P.T. (2007). Identifying and understanding factors influencing the uptake of new technologies on dairy farms in SW England using the theory of reasoned action. Agricultural Systems, 94 (2), 281 -293.

24. Roy, D. (2013). Effectiveness of Farmer Field School for Soil and Crop Management (unpublished Master’s Thesis).Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.

25. Samad, M.A. (2010). Farmers‟ Attitude towards Aerobic Rice Cultivation (unpublished master‟s thesis). Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.

26. Sarkar, B. (2002). Attitude Rice Growers towards the Use of Di-ammonium Phosphate (DAP) on Rice Cultivation in a Selected Area of Rajbari District (unpublished master‟s thesis). Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.

27. Uddin, M. T. and Jannat, A. (2016). Farmers’ livelihood through ‘one house oneFarm’ approach in selected areas ofMymensingh district of Bangladesh. SAARC J. Agri., 14(2): 90-106.doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/sja.v14i2.31248

28. Ullah, S. M. A. 2011. Farmers’ perception of ‘OHOF’ approach. M.S. thesis, Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.