Document Type : Regular articles


1 Department of Agricultural management, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran

2 Department of Agricultural Management, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran


This research was conducted with the mean goal of identifying environmental protection solutions in Naghadeh Township. The statistical population of this research included all employees of the Agricultural Jihad, Environment and Natural Resources Office (N=110). Karaghi and Morgan tables were used to determine the sample size (n=86). The Random sampling method was used in this research. To determine the reliability of the questionnaire, Cronbach's alpha was used (α=0.894) which indicates that the reliability of the questionnaire was appropriate. To analyze the findings and to achieve the research goals, descriptive statistics and inferential or analytical statistics were used. The results show that awareness raising among people to improve their relationship with the environment and the promotion of environmental culture and the definition of environmental guidelines among people and prevention of destruction of land and its change and destruction of rangelands and forests were identified as the most important effective environmental protection solutions in Naghadeh township in west Azerbaijan province. Exploratory factor analysis was used to categorize effective environmental protection solutions. The results showed that seven factors were identified. These factors named as legal, socio-cultural, educational and awareness, managerial, economical, and environmental solutions. These seven factors account 74 percent of variations in environmental protection solutions.


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