Document Type : Regular articles


Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria


The study was conducted to analysed the income determinants among farm households in Kaduna state, Nigeria. One hundred and twenty (120) respondents were administered questionnaires selected using simple random sampling. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics like frequency distribution, percentages, mean and inferential statistics like multiple regressions. Results from the analysis revealed that, the respondents were in their productive age, (46 years), mostly males (60%), highly educated, married (50%) with average family size of 7 persons. The analysis also documented that 38% of the respondents earned their income from off-farm activities with an average annual income of N188, 466.50. The major factors that influence income determination were marital status, household size, farm size and credit as these have coefficients that were significant at 1%, 5%, 5% and 1% levels respectively with a high R-2 value of .86. The study concluded that on- farm income is the most important source of income for rural household and recommend that on- farm and non-farm economic activities should be promoted among rural households income improvement. The need for farmers to form cooperative society is important as access to credit significantly influenced income of farmers, this will also enable them to increase their farm size.


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