Agricultural Extension
1. Economic Analysis of Cooperative Societies and Agricultural Productivity in Rural Households in Delta State, Nigeria

Peter Emaziye

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 145-148

Abstract
  The primary objective of this research is to examine the contributions of co-operatives on rural household agricultural productivity. Multistage sampling was employed in the random selection of 120 co-operators and non-cooperators respectively. But only 115 co-operators and non-cooperators were utilized ...  Read More

Extension of Sustainability
2. A Profit Approach Comparison between Tomato Grown under Organic and Inorganic Methods in a Typical Nigeria’s Soil

Hamza Babagiwa Aliyu; Muhammad R. Ja’afar-Furo

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 149-156

Abstract
  The role of tomatoes as nutritive vegetable crop in the diet of most humans has been stressed or advanced by many scientists. This study therefore, assessed the profitability of tomato production using organic and inorganic fertilisers on a typical irrigated soil in Hong Local Government Area, Adamawa ...  Read More

Extension of Sustainability
3. Specialists’ Perception Regarding Effective factors in Development of Organic Agriculture in Ardabil Province

Leila Karpishe

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 157-164

Abstract
  Organic agriculture (OA) includes a comprehensive production management system that is considered as one of the strategies to reduce negative impacts of industrial agriculture in many countries. This research was identifying factors affecting the development of OA in Ardabil province. A descriptive– ...  Read More

Agricultural Extension
4. Agricultural Extension Needs of Frontline Extension Workers under a Pluralistic Advisory System: Case of Zimbabwe Agricultural Growth Programme.

Christopher Gadzirayi; Never Mafuse; Emmanuel Zivenge; Ronald Veremu; Waddlove Sansole

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 165-172

Abstract
  Compartmentalised extension prohibits the uptake of new technology thereby inhibiting agricultural growth. Extension services aimed at increased agricultural growth should have a market-led and evidence-based pluralistic advisory system that is coordinated by the government’s Agricultural and Technical ...  Read More

Rural and Agricultural Sociology
5. Measuring Socioeconomic Status of Rural Households in Edo State, Nigeria: An Asset-Based Approach

Eddy Onemolease; A.O Akioya

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 173-183

Abstract
  Available data on farmers’ socioeconomic or poverty status have focused on the use of money-metric measure of income and/or expenditure, an approach that has been criticized. An alternative, proposed to assessing households’ welfare has been to use asset indices; unfortunately, there is dearth ...  Read More

Agricultural Extension
6. Absconding of Honeybee Colonies from Beehives: Underlying Factors and its Financial Implications for Beekeepers in Tanzania

Nicholaus Kuboja; Fredy Kilima; Aida Isinika

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 185-193

Abstract
  A study was conducted to investigate honeybee colonies absconding from beehives and its financial implication among beekeepers in Tabora and Katavi regions, Western Tanzania. Four districts were selected on the basis of adoption of improved beehives. A total of 198 beekeepers were randomly selected for ...  Read More