Agricultural Extension
1. Communication Behaviour of Farmers with the Agricultural Extension Agents Using Cell Phone: A Case of Bangladesh

Mohammad Hammadur Rahman; Mohammed Nasir Uddin; Md. Suzan Khan

Volume 8, Issue 3 , Summer 2018, Pages 121-127

Abstract
  The cell phone is one of the potential Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) in agricultural development especially in developing countries like Bangladesh. Thus, this paper deals with the farmers’ communication with the agricultural extension agents using mobile phone. The study was conducted ...  Read More

Extension of Sustainability
2. Factors Affecting Tendency towards Organic Production (Case Study: Greenhouse Producers of Tabriz Township, Iran)

Leila Bahrami Nokandeh; Javad Mahmoodi Karamjavan

Volume 8, Issue 3 , Summer 2018, Pages 129-137

Abstract
  The Purpose of this survey was to research the major factors affecting the tendency of greenhouse producers towards organic production in Tabriz County. The statistical research population involves all greenhouse owners in Tabriz county (N=70). The necessary data were collected using questionnaires, ...  Read More

Agricultural Extension
3. Smallholder Farmers’ Participation in Agricultural Training and Demonstration in Ethiopia: Implications for Inclusive Targeting by Agricultural Extension Services

Muluken Gezahegn Wordofa; Maria Sassi

Volume 8, Issue 3 , Summer 2018, Pages 139-146

Abstract
  Small farms and smallholder farming systems play crucial roles in agricultural development in many developing countries. From the various rural development programs designed to support such farming systems, agricultural extension services are of at most importance. However, the benefit that farmers obtain ...  Read More

Rural and Agricultural Sociology
4. Resolving Methods of Marital Discords and Conflicts of Rural Women – Field Study in Menia Governorate, Egypt

Elham Abdou Mohammed Aly

Volume 8, Issue 3 , Summer 2018, Pages 147-165

Abstract
    This study was performed to identify resolving methods of marital discords and conflicts among rural women in different dimension fields, as well to study the relationship among a number of independent variables and the resolving methods of these marital discords and conflicts among rural women. ...  Read More

Rural Woman Education
5. Factors Associated with Women Farmers’ Level of Control in Farmer-Groups in Kwara State, Nigeria

Kemi Omotesho; Gbolagade Benjamin Adesiji; Adeniyi Felix Akinrinde; Oyindamola Eunice Aluko

Volume 8, Issue 3 , Summer 2018, Pages 167-174

Abstract
  Women farmers’ low level of access to productive resources has hindered the realization of their full potential in agriculture. While membership of farmer-groups has been recognised as an avenue for farmers to harness their resources, women farmers often suffer discrimination in such groups ...  Read More

Agricultural Extension
6. Opportunities for Facebook to Improve Knowledge Transfer to Farmers and Enhance Agricultural Extension

Padraig Wims; Aine Galvin

Volume 8, Issue 3 , Summer 2018, Pages 175-184

Abstract
  The aim of this paper was to report an action research that examined the potential of social media as a tool for knowledge transfer in agricultural extension. The research focused on developing group Facebook pages that were designed for adult farmers. A total of 49 participants who were already members ...  Read More