Extension Planning
1. Perception, Adaptation Strategies and Challenges of Climate Change among Rural Households in Anyigba, Dekina Local Government Area Of Kogi State, Nigeria

Haruna Opaluwa; Opeyemi Gbenga; Nyamida Mercy

Volume 9, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 171-176

Abstract
  Climate change is one of the most serious challenges confronting agriculture, particularly, in rural Nigeria. This study examined the perception, adaptation strategies and challenges of climate change among rural households in Kogi State, Nigeria. A two stage sampling techniques was used in the study. ...  Read More

Agricultural Extension
2. Indigenous Food Crop Production and Extent Decisions among Farm Households in Northern Ghana

Alhassan Andani

Volume 9, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 177-187

Abstract
  Crop production diversification into indigenous and neglected food crops could result in increased access by farm households to diverse food nutrients. This paper identifies the determinants of the decisions by farm households in northern Ghana to produce indigenous food crops using a double hurdle model ...  Read More

Agricultural Extension
3. Determining the Factors Effective the Effectiveness of Agricultural Mechanization Cooperatives by Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Ali Salehi; Solieman Rasouliazar

Volume 9, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 189-197

Abstract
  Cooperative organizations play an important role in improves the quality of work, especially in agricultural sector. The main purpose of this research was to determining the effective factors on the effectiveness of agricultural mechanization cooperatives (EAMC) in the Mahabad township that located in ...  Read More

Agricultural Extension
4. Structural Model of Job Satisfaction in Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO) Staff Based on Herzberg Motivational Theory

Jamshid Abdi; Sahar Dehyour; Azita Zand; Masoumeh Arfaee

Volume 9, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 199-209

Abstract
  This study intends to draw a structural model of job satisfaction from the perspective of Herzberg’s hygiene-motivation theory. The study was conducted on 528 staff of Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Iran. The sample size was determined by the Cochran method (n=222) and ...  Read More

Extension and Economic
5. Input-Output Relationship in Cassava Production: Empirical Evidence among Cassava Farmers in Kogi State, Nigeria

Thankgod Ameh Akoh; Ufedo Shaibu; Habibat Usman

Volume 9, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 211-217

Abstract
  This study assessed the input and output relationship in cassava production in Kogi State, Nigeria. A multistage random sampling technique was used to select 120 cassava farmers for the study. The survey instrument was a structured questionnaire. Data were collected on farmers’ socioeconomic characteristics, ...  Read More

Extension of Sustainability
6. Organic Farming: Opportunities and Challenges in Sundarbazar, Lamjung, Nepal

Anzali Gurung; Ram Asheshwar Mandal; Ajay Bhakta Mathema

Volume 9, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 219-225

Abstract
  This study was objectively done to assess the practice of organic farming and employment opportunities, compare the income generated from organic and inorganic products and identify the problems faced by farmers from organic farming system. Semi structure questionnaire survey, questionnaire, key informant ...  Read More