151. Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza fungi application on distribution of phosphorus forms in rhizosphere soils of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

Afshin Morovvat; Abdolmajid Ronaghi; Mehdi Zarei; Mostafa Emadi; Mohammad Bagher Heidarianpour; Leila Gholami

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer 2012, , Pages 77-82

Abstract
  Appropriate management of soil phosphorus (P) fertility in highly calcareous soils of Iran as around the world should rely upon sound knowledge about the phosphorus reserve and its bioavailability. Despite numerous reports on the positive effects of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae (VAM) fungi on phosphorus ...  Read More

152. Effect of Socio-Economic Characteristics on Food Security of Small Scale Farmers in Rawalpindi

Muhammad Furqan Mirza; Badar Naseem Siddiqui; Muhammad Hanif; Almas Jabeen; Ghazala Sadaf; Amina Nauman; Saba Shakeel; Maria Munawwar

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer 2013, , Pages 87-91

Abstract
  About half of the population in Pakistan is food insecure. The study focused the food secure population and the strategies for reducing poverty in district Rawalpindi. The study was carried out in district Rawalpindi in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Simple random sampling technique was used for this ...  Read More

Agricultural Extension
153. Factors Affecting Groundnut Market Outlet Choice in Moisture Stress Area of Babile District, Eastern Ethiopia: Multivariate Probit Approach

Jafer Ahmed; Abdulaziz Umare; Nasir Mahamed; Oromia Galane; Kebret Desse

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Autumn 2017, , Pages 91-101

Abstract
  The groundnut plant has the ability to survive in areas of low rainfall because it is a legume and it increases soil fertility by fixing nitrogen in the soil. The study area is known by erratic and uneven rainfall while groundnut is the main cash crop in the area. The study identified the groundnut market ...  Read More

Agricultural Extension
154. Effects of Communal Crises on Selected Crops Production among Farmers in Langtang North Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria

Gyanden Kughur; Shimayohol Daudu; Mtimbir Iornenege

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Autumn 2016, , Pages 95-100

Abstract
  The study investigated the effects of communal crises on selected crops production among farmers in Langtang North local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was adopted; four local government areas were selected in each of the local government selected, four villages ...  Read More

Management in Extension Systems
155. Identifying Effective Solutions in the Field of Environmental Protection (case study Naghadeh Township)

Babak Valizadegan; Solieman Rasouliazar; Loghman Rashiedpour

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Spring 2019, , Pages 99-107

Abstract
  This research was conducted with the mean goal of identifying environmental protection solutions in Naghadeh Township. The statistical population of this research included all employees of the Agricultural Jihad, Environment and Natural Resources Office (N=110). Karaghi and Morgan tables were used to ...  Read More

Rural and Agricultural Sociology
156. Comparative Benefits of Mobile Telephone in Selected Rural and Urban Locations of Obio/Akpor Local Government

Franklin Nlerum; Anthony Nnodim

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2015, , Pages 107-117

Abstract
  The study comparatively identified the benefits of mobile telephone to users in selected rural and urban locations in Obio/Akpor local government area of Rivers State, Nigeria. Stratified and simple random sampling techniques were used in selecting 60 rural and 60 urban phone users to have a total sample ...  Read More

Agricultural Extension
157. Assessment on Farm Enterprises, Major Agricultural Risks and Demand for Micro-Insurance Services by Smallholder Farmers in Selected Areas of Benishangulgumuz, Western Ethiopia

Alemayehu Lamore

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Spring 2018, , Pages 111-119

Abstract
  The study was conducted in Assosa district of Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, western Ethiopia, to assess major farm enterprises, agricultural risks and demand for micro-insurance services. Two peasant associations namely, Selga-23 and Kushmengel were selected to represent settler and native farming ...  Read More

158. Optimization of Culture Conditions for Keratinase Production in Streptomyces Sp. JRS19 for Chick Feather Wastes Degradation

T. Jayalakshmi; P. Krishnamoorthy; G. Ramesh kumar; P. Sivamani

Volume 1, Issue 3 , Summer 2011, , Pages 121-125

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to find the optimal conditions of a newly isolated Streptomyces strain JRS 19. Screening for keratinase producing bacteria and their keratinase production were investigated. The keratinase produced by the isolate was purified by chromatographic techniques and the optimum pH ...  Read More

159. Socio-Economic Evaluation of Cassava Production by Women Farmers in Igbo-Eze North Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria

Okereke, Chukwuma Odii

Volume 2, Issue 3 , Summer 2012, , Pages 129-136

Abstract
  A research was conducted to evaluate cassava production by women farmers in Igbo-Eze North Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria. One hundred and twenty smallholder female cassava farmers were selected using multi-stage sampling. Data were collected from the respondents using questionnaire and ...  Read More

Agricultural Education
160. Knowledge Management (KM) in Agricultural Colleges of Khuzestan Province, Iran

Masoud Ahmadinejad

Volume 10, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, , Pages 133-136

Abstract
  The purpose of this study was analyzing knowledge management in agricultural colleges Islamic Azad University of Khuzestan Province, Iran. The statistical population was (N=210). The sample size (n=108) were investigated. After confirm the validity of the instrument by panel of experts, to determine ...  Read More

161. An Assessment of Internet Uses, Practices, and Barriers for Professional Development by Agricultural Teachers in Kermanshah Province, Iran

Behrooz Rasekhi

Volume 3, Issue 3 , Summer 2013, , Pages 139-145

Abstract
  Internet has been perhaps the most outstanding innovation in the field of communication in the history of mankind. The main purpose of this study was to explore the role of Internet in the professional development of teachers working in agricultural schools in Kermanshah Province (N=35). Census survey ...  Read More

162. Constraints to Increasing Agricultural Production and Productivity among Women Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for Agricultural Transformation Agenda

Mary O. Agada; Evangeline N. Ajani

Volume 4, Issue 3 , Summer 2014, , Pages 143-150

Abstract
  Agriculture is an important engine of growth and poverty reduction in much of Africa, Nigeria inclusive. But the sector is underperforming in part because women, who are often crucial resource in agriculture and rural economy, face constraints that reduce their productivity. An understanding of these ...  Read More

Information Technology in Agriculture
163. Extension Workers’ Attitude towards e-Agriculture: A case study from Bangladesh

Mohammad Sarker; Asif Kaiser; Md. Abdul Miah

Volume 9, Issue 3 , Summer 2019, , Pages 149-162

Abstract
  e-Agriculture is being the utmost desire for the sustainable development world over. The research was designed to assess extension workers’ attitude towards e-Agriculture in general. The methodology of this study is an integration of quantitative and qualitative methods based on primary data collection. ...  Read More

Rural Woman Education
164. Factors Associated with Women Farmers’ Level of Control in Farmer-Groups in Kwara State, Nigeria

Kemi Omotesho; Gbolagade Benjamin Adesiji; Adeniyi Felix Akinrinde; Oyindamola Eunice Aluko

Volume 8, Issue 3 , Summer 2018, , Pages 167-174

Abstract
  Women farmers’ low level of access to productive resources has hindered the realization of their full potential in agriculture. While membership of farmer-groups has been recognised as an avenue for farmers to harness their resources, women farmers often suffer discrimination in such groups ...  Read More

165. Employment Limitations and Constraints for Iranian University Graduates in Agricultural Majors

Reza Movahedi; Mahdi Mantashloo

Volume 1, Issue 4 , Autumn 2011, , Pages 171-176

Abstract
  The present research aimed at identifying employment limitations and constraints facing the university graduates in agricultural majors, also finding the solutions to enhance opportunities and job potentials for the agricultural graduates. The study used qualitative research methods. Qualitative data ...  Read More

Rural and Agricultural Sociology
166. Measuring Socioeconomic Status of Rural Households in Edo State, Nigeria: An Asset-Based Approach

Eddy Onemolease; A.O Akioya

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, , Pages 173-183

Abstract
  Available data on farmers’ socioeconomic or poverty status have focused on the use of money-metric measure of income and/or expenditure, an approach that has been criticized. An alternative, proposed to assessing households’ welfare has been to use asset indices; unfortunately, there is dearth ...  Read More

Agricultural Education
167. Analyzing Attitude of Rural Cooperatives Managers in Khouzestan Province toward Electronic Commerce

Elahe Kiani; Azadeh N. Noorivandi

Volume 5, Issue 3 , Summer 2015, , Pages 179-185

Abstract
  The purpose of this research was analyzing attitude of rural cooperatives managers in Khouzestan province toward electronic commerce, Iran. The research method was correlative descriptive. The population of this study included rural cooperatives managers in Khuzestan province. The total number of members ...  Read More

168. Analyzing Perception and Technical Knowledge of Wheat Farmers Regarding Organic Farming Products

Azadeh N. Noorivandi

Volume 2, Issue 4 , Autumn 2012, , Pages 180-186

Abstract
  The purpose of this research was to analyzing the perception and technical knowledge of wheat farmers in shoushtar township, Khouzestan province, Iran regarding organic farming products. The research method employed was correlative-descriptive. The population consisted of wheat farmers in Shoushtar township ...  Read More

169. Technical Knowledge and Information Gaps among Smallholder Farmers in the Production of Sugarcane in Kakamega County, Kenya

Gilbert Odilla Abura; Raphael Mwiti Gikunda; Godffrey NyongesaNato

Volume 3, Issue 4 , Autumn 2013, , Pages 199-207

Abstract
  The purpose of the study was to identify and document technical knowledge and information gaps that can inform development of appropriate training programs for cane farmers. The study employed a survey research design; involving 105 small scale farmers in selected from eight Sub-counties of Kakamega ...  Read More

170. Factors Influencing Adoption of Improved Cassava Processing Technologies by Rural Women in Enugu State, Nigeria

Asadu A.N.; Agwu A.E.; Chah J.M.; Enwelu I.A

Volume 4, Issue 4 , Autumn 2014, , Pages 205-210

Abstract
    T he study examined factors influencing the adoption of improved cassava processing technologies. Interview schedule was used to collect information from 100 rural women involved in cassava processing. The average age of the respondents was 51 years and majority (77%) had formal education. The ...  Read More

171. Impact of Women Empowerment on Food Security among Rural Households in Kwara State, Nigeria

Azeez Muhammad-Lawal; Kemi Funmilayo Omotesho; Oluwaremilekun Jimoh; Nimat M Abdulraheem; Lvie Loreta Olaghere

Volume 8, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, , Pages 221-230

Abstract
  The study investigated the impact of women empowerment on food security in Kwara State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study assessed the levels of food security and women empowerment in the study area as well as examined the relationship between both. Also, constraints on women empowerment in the study ...  Read More

Agricultural Extension
172. Economics of Leafy Vegetable Production among Pastoralists in Kwara State, Nigeria

Olubunmi Omotesho; Abdulazeez Muhammed-Lawal; Abdulrashid Abdulganiyu; Khadijat Amolegbe

Volume 5, Issue 4 , Autumn 2015, , Pages 245-252

Abstract
   Degradation of grassland and the environment restricting access to grazing resources increased pastoral vulnerability to drought and loss of livestock assets which pose threat to pastoral based livelihoods. In respond to these threats many pastoral communities diversify their livelihood to agro-pastoralism. ...  Read More

173. Empirical Evidence of Fisheries Sub-Sector’s Contribution to the Nigerian Economy

Mafimisebi T.E.; Thompson O. A

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter 2012, , Pages 30-35

Abstract
  The study examined relationship between the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Nigeria with the inputs of labour, capital and the output of fisheries. This is to ascertain that the fisheries contribution to the economy is more than is recorded in the sense that taking its indirect and direct economic impact ...  Read More

174. Estimating the Real Capacity of Rain Erosion Using GIS (The Fournier Case Study for Isfahan)

A, Gandomkar

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter 2011, , Pages 33-38

Abstract
  Interpolation, the generalization of point data to scatter data, and combining maps are three cases of important applications of GIS. In this study, it has been tried to make the estimation of rain erosion capacity (Fournier Method) more real through using GIS capability in interpolation and the generalization ...  Read More

175. Social and Economical Analysis of Small Scale Maize Production in Kura Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria

A. S Ahmed; A. Suleiman; A. Aminu

Volume 3, Issue 1 , Winter 2013, , Pages 37-43

Abstract
  This research covered three villages in Kura local Government Area of Kano State. The study described the socio-economic characteristics of maize producers and their production techniques and also determined the profitability and resource use efficiency in the maize production. Structured questionnaires ...  Read More