- African Green Revolution Alliance [AGRA]. (2014). Africa agriculture status report 2014: Climate change and smallholder agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa. Nairobi, Kenya.
- Chang’a L, B., Yanda, P. Z., & Ngana, J. (2010). Indigenous knowledge in seasonal rainfall prediction in Tanzania: A case of the South-western Highland of Tanzania. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning Vol. 3(4), pp. 66-72.
- Cooper, P. J. M,. Dimes, J., Rao, K. P. C., Shapiro, B., Shiferaw, B., & Twomlow, S. (2008). Coping better with current climatic variability in the rain-fed farming systems of sub-Saharan Africa: An essential first step in adapting to future climate change? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 126 (2008), 24–35.
- Danielsen, S., Karubanga, G., & Mulema, J. (2015). Institutionalization. Listening to the silent patient. Uganda's journey towards institutionalizing inclusive plant health services. Center of Agricultural Bio-Sciences International - CABI working paper 7, doi.org/10.1079/CABIPLANT.37-55
- Debela, N., Mohammed, C., Bridle, K., Corkrey, R., & McNeil, D. (2015). Perception of climate change and its impact bysmallholders in pastoral/agropastoral systems of Borana, South Ethiopia. SpringerPlus, (2015) 4:236. Doi: 10.1186/s40064-015-1012-9
- Department of Disaster Preparedness [DDP]. (2012). The 2010–2011 Integrated rainfall variability impacts, needs assessment and drought risk management strategy. Office of the Prime minister, Kampala, Uganda.
- Deressa, T. T., Hassan, R.M., Ringler, C., Alemu, T., & Yusuf, M. (2009). Determinants of farmers’ choice of adaptation methods to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. Global Environmental Change. Doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2009.01.002.
- Egeru, A. (2012). Role of indigenous knowledge in climate change adaptation: A case study of Teso sub-region, Eastern Uganda. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 11(2), 217-224.
- Egeru, A. (2016). Climate risk management information, sources and responses in a pastoral region in East Africa. Climate Risk Management, 11(2016), 1–14. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2015.12.001.
10. Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS. Third Edition. SAGE publications, London, United Kingdom. I
11. Gukurume, S. (2013). Climate change, variability and sustainable agriculture in Zimbabwe’s rural communities. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences, 2(14), 89-100.
12. Gyampoh, B. A., & Asante, W. A., (2011). Mapping and documenting indigenous knowledge in climate change adaptation in Ghana.
13. Hansen, J. W., Mason. S. J., Sun, L., & Tall, A. (2011). Review of seasonal climate forecasting for agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. Expl Agric, 47 (2), 205–240. Doi: 10.1017/S0014479710000876
14. Hisali, E., Birungi, P., &Buyinza, F. (2011). Adaptation to climate change in Uganda: Evidence from micro level data. Global Environmental Change, 21(2011), 1245–1261. Doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.07.005.
15. Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC]. (2014). Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland.
16. Jiri, O., Mafongoya, P. L., Mubaya, C., & Mafongoya, O. (2016). Seasonal Climate Prediction and Adaptation Using Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Agriculture Systems in Southern Africa: A Review. Journal of Agricultural Science, 8(5),156-172. Doi:10.5539/jas.v8n5p156.
17. Jost, C., Kyazze, F. B., Naab, J., Neelormi, S., Kinyangi, J., Zougmore, R., ... Kristjanson, P. (2016). Understanding gender dimensions of agriculture and climate change in smallholder farming communities. Climate and Development, 8(2), 133-144. Doi: 10.1080/17565529.2015.1050978.
18. Kaggwa, R., Hogan, R., & Hall, B. (2009). Enhancing the Contribution of Weather, Climate and Climate Change to Growth, Employment and Prosperity. UNDP/NEMA/UNEP Poverty Environment Initiative, Kampala, Uganda.
19. Kibwika, P. (2007). Professional ignorance and non-professional experts: Experiences of how small scale vanilla farmers in Uganda learned to produce for export. Social learning towards a sustainable world. Wageningen Academic Publishers, 25, 449-463.
20. Knapen, A., Kitutu, M. G., Poesen, J., Breugelmans, W., Deckers, J., & Muwanga, A. (2006). Landslides in a densely populated county at the foot slopes of Mount Elgon (Uganda): Characteristics and causal factors. Geomorphology, 73 (2006), 149–165. Doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2005.07.004.
21. Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and psychological measurement, 30, 607-610.
22. Lemos, M. C., Kirchhoff, C. J., & Ramprasad, V. (2012). Narrowing the climate information usability gap. Nature climate change, 2(2012), 789-794. Doi. 10.1038/NCLIMATE1614.
23. Masinde, M., & Bagula, A. (2011). ITIKI: Bridge between African indigenous knowledge and modern science of drought prediction. Knowledge Management for Development Journal, 7(3), 274-290. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19474199.2012.683444.
24. Mbogga, M. S. (2012). Climate profiles and climate change vulnerability assessment for the Mbale region of Uganda. UNDP Consultancy report. Kampala, Uganda.
25. Ministry of Water and Environment [MWE]. (2015). Economic assessment of the impacts of climate change in Uganda. National level assessment: Agricultural sector report. March 2015, Kampala, Uganda.
26. Moeletsi, M. E., Mellaart, E. A. R., Mpandeli, N. S., & Hamandawana, H. (2013). The Use of Rainfall Forecasts as a Decision Guide for Small-scale Farming in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 19(2), 133-145.
27. Mpandeli, S., & Maponya, P. (2013). The Use of Climate Forecasts Information by Farmers in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Journal of Agricultural Science, 5(2), 47-55. Doi:10.5539/jas.v5n2p47.
28. Mubiru, D. N., Komutunga, E., Agona, A., Apok, A., & Ngara, T. (2012). Characterizing agrometeorological climate risks and uncertainties: Crop production in Uganda. South African Journal of Science. Doi.org/10.4102/sajs. v108i3/4.470.
29. Mugagga, F., Kakembo, V., & Buyinza, M. (2012). Land use changes on the slopes of Mount Elgon and the implications for the occurrence of landslides. Catena, 90(2012), 39–46.
30. Nganzi, P., Kajumba, T. C., Barihaihi, M., Bataze, J., & Mujuni, G. (2015). Use of indigenous knowledge in weather forecasting in Uganda National survey. Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance (ACCRA), Kampala, Uganda.
31. Okonya, J. S., & Kroschel, J. (2013). Indigenous knowledge of seasonal weather forecasting: A case study in six regions of Uganda. Agricultural Sciences, 4(12), 641-648.
32. Orlove, B., Roncoli, C., Kabugo, M., & Majugu, A. (2010). Indigenous climate knowledge in southern Uganda:the multiple components of a dynamic regional system. Climatic Change,2010(100), 243–265. Doi 10.1007/s10584-009-9586-2.
33. Rao, K. P. C., Ndegwa, W. G., Kizito, K., & Oyoo, A. (2011). Climate variability and change: Farmer perceptions and understanding of intra-seasonal variability in rainfall and associated risk in semi-arid Kenya. Experimental Agriculture, 47, 267–291.
34. Rusinga, O., Chapungu, L., Moyo, P., & Stigter, K. (2014). Perceptions of climate change and adaptation to microclimate change andvariability among smallholder farmers in Mhakwe communal area, Manicaland province, Zimbabwe. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies & Management , 7(3) , 310 – 318. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejesm.v7i3.11.
35. Shah, P., Opiyo, R., Ngaina, J., & Speranza, C. I. (2012). Options for Improving the Communication of Seasonal Rainfall Forecasts to Smallholder Farmers –The Case of Kenya. German Development Institute Briefing Paper 17/2012.
36. Soropa, G., Gwatibaya, S., Musiyiwa, K., Rusere, F., Mazima, G, A., & Kasasa, P. (2015). Indigenous knowledge systems weather forecasts as a climate change adaptation strategy in smallholder farming systems of Zimbabwe: Case study of Murehwa, Tsholotsho and Chiredzi districts. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(10), 1067-1075. Doi: 10.5897/AJAR2013.7205.
37. Stone, R.C., & Meinke, H. (2006). Weather, climate, and farmers: an overview. Meteorol. Appl. (Supplement), (2006), 7–20. Doi:10.1017/S1350482706002519.
38. Sultan, B., Barbier, B., Fortilus, J., Mbaye, S. M., & Leclerc, G. (2010). Estimating the Potential Economic Value of Seasonal Forecasts in West Africa: A Long-Term Ex-Ante Assessment in Senegal. Weather, climate and society, 2010(2), 69-86. Doi: 10.1175/2009WCAS1022.1.
39. Uganda Bureau of Statistics [UBOS]. (2010). Uganda census of agriculture 2008/2009. Volume III: Agricultural household and holding characteristics report, December 2010, Kampala, Uganda
40. Uganda Bureau of Statistics [UBOS]. (2014). National Population and Housing Census 2014 Provisional Results November 2014: Revised Edition. Kampala, Uganda.
41. Uganda Bureau of Statistics [UBOS]. (2015). 2015 Statistical Abstract. October 2015, Kampala, Uganda.
42. Uganda National Meteorological Authority [UNMA]. (2017). March to May 2017 Seasonal Rainfall Outlook over Uganda. https://www.unma.go.ug/index.php/climate/seasonal-forecasts. Accessed on June 10th 2017.
43. Ziervogel, G.,& Opere, A., (2010). Integrating meteorological and indigenous knowledge-based seasonal climate forecasts in the agricultural sector. International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada. Climate Change Adaptation in Africa learning paper series.